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  • Manually measuring angles using an instrument?

  • Mathematically measuring angles?

  • What formula is used to measure angles?

  • Methods for measuring triangle angles

  • What units are used in angle measurement?

  • Measuring acute angles?

  • Key points on Angle Measure

Home > Blogs > Angle Measurement: Formula, Meaning & Examples

Angle Measurement: Formula, Meaning & Examples

During the celebration of John's birthday, his mother Emma was keen to ensure every guest received an identical portion of the cake. To achieve this, the cake needed to be sliced at consistent angles. However, the challenge arises in accurately measuring these angles.

This guide will delve into the principle of angle measurement.

An angle is defined as the space created by the intersection of two rays at the point where they meet.

The term angle measure signifies the technique used to ascertain the magnitude or specific value of an angle where two rays converge at a shared point. This determination can be carried out by hand or through mathematical computation.

Manually measuring angles using an instrument?

To manually measure angles, one can employ a protractor. This involves positioning the protractor along one ray, ensuring the zero mark aligns with the junction of the two rays (shared point), and observing the value on the protractor where the second ray crosses.

Demonstration of proper protractor usage, mathbites.com

As demonstrated, the angle created by the two blue rays measures 40°. Measurement of angles with a protractor is expressed in degrees.

Mathematically measuring angles?

Angles can be mathematically measured using various methods. For instance, knowing that the sum of angles along a straight line equals 180° allows for the calculation of unknown angles.

Determine the magnitude of x.

Solution

Given the two angles are connected by a straight line, they sum up to 180°, hence x=180-109=71°.

What formula is used to measure angles?

The sum of interior angles in polygons can be calculated using the formula

sum of interior angles =(n-2)×180°,

with n representing the polygon’s side count. This aids in identifying missing angles.

Calculate the angle x.

Solution

Observing the given shape has 6 edges, indicating a hexagon.

Thus, the total interior angle sum is

(6-2)×180°=720°

Knowing the magnitude of the remaining angles allows for calculation of x.

x=720-(138+134+100+112+125)=111°

The sum of all exterior angles of any polygon consistently equals 360°, regardless of side count, which can be used to determine missing exterior angles.

Angles within a triangle can be measured mathematically through trigonometry, a branch of mathematics correlating angles and triangle sides. Utilizing known side lengths in a right-angled triangle, any angle, θ, can be calculated using SOH CAH TOA.

Methods for measuring triangle angles

In a right-angled triangle as presented, labeling one angle as θ mandates the identification of the three sides as Opposite (the side facing θ without touching it), Hypotenuse (the longest side, opposite the 90° angle), and Adjacent (the side next to θ).

The ratios of sine, cosine, and tangent connect two triangle sides to a specific angle.

To recall which functions correspond to which sides, the mnemonic SOH CAH TOA is used. Here, S stands for Sine, C for Cosine, T for Tangent, and O, A, H represent Opposite, Adjacent, and Hypotenuse respectively. For instance, the Sine ratio includes the Opposite and Hypotenuse.

These ratios, sine, cosine, and tangent, are calculated by dividing the lengths of the involved sides.

Evaluate the angle θ.

Solution

In this diagram, the hypotenuse measures 9 cm and the adjacent 4 cm, allowing for the cosine value of θ to be determined.

cos θ=49=0.444

To find the specified angle, use the cos-1 key on a calculator with 0.444 as input, yielding a result of 63.6°.

What units are used in angle measurement?

Angles are quantified in degrees and radians. Degrees are measured from 0 to 360°, and radians from 0 to 2π. Though degrees are widely used, conversion between them and radians is straightforward using the equation

Radians=degrees×π180

Where feasible, radians are ideally stated in terms of π.

A 45° angle in a triangle translates to what in radians?

Solution

Applying the aforementioned conversion formula yields

radians=45×π180=π4

Measuring acute angles?

Reviewing its definition,

An acute angle is one that is less than 90° in measure.

Such angles can be determined using any previously mentioned methods, analogous to obtuse or right angles.

An acute angle's measurement is possible with a protractor, employing trigonometry (SOH CAH TOA) in triangles, or through the formula

(n-2)×180°n

for regular polygons.

Key points on Angle Measure

  • Angle measure involves determining the magnitude of an angle formed by two lines, either manually or through mathematical methods.
  • Angles are traditionally measured using a protractor when done by hand
  • For any polygon, the sum of the interior angles equals (n-2)×180°, where n is the count of sides, and exterior angle sums always equal 360°
  • Within a right-angled triangle, SOH CAH TOA is applicable to deduce any angle's value
  • Angles measured in degrees or radians, where radians=degrees×π180

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